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MoreiYah » New Covenant » Understanding The New Covenant II

Understanding The New Covenant II

In this study series, we will examine the purpose and administration of the New Covenant in addition to understanding the reason for it. We will also review the operation of the sacrificial laws to understand their application in the new testament and address several questions often asked by bible students.

  • What is the New Covenant?
  • Has the Old Covenant been completely done away with?
  • What is the purpose of the New Covenant?
  • Has the New Covenant removed us from the laws of Elohim?
  • What does the Old Covenant consist of, and represent?
  • What was the purpose of the Levitical order?
  • How were the Levites compensated?
  • Why does the New Covenant state that Elohim will write his laws in our heart and mind?
  • What is the process to write Elohim’s laws in our heart and mind?

Many religious bodies are promoting that the old covenant has been completely nullified, bringing us under a new covenant, however is this theological position correct?

    The next day, he saw Yahshua coming to him, and said, “Behold, the Lamb of Elohim, who takes away the sin of the world! (John 1:29 RNEB)

Yochanan is speaking about Yahshua’s purpose and his first coming. There is no way anyone can understand the new testament, unless they first understand the old testament. The new testament writings start in the book of Acts and include all the epistles. Many theological positions are derived from one liner’s, verses, and scriptures that are not clearly expressed or easily understood from the new testament, which were ultimately used to derive many of the precepts taught in “the Church” today, however none of these can be qualified when properly examined in scripture, because they have no root in sound doctrine, which comes from a complete understanding the old testament.

    Wrap up the testimony. Seal the law among my disciples. (Isaiah 8:16 RNEB)
    Turn to the law and to the testimony! If they don’t speak according to this word, surely there is no morning for them. (Isaiah 8:20 RNEB)

At this point we covered three different types of offerings:

  • Burnt offering – This was a sin offering that is symbolic of giving yourself wholly to YAH, the animal is burned up entirely.
  • Grain offering – This was a thanks giving offering to thank YAH for a bountiful harvest, which was shown by offering the first fruits. This occurred at least three times per year but could be done more often.
  • Peace offering – This was a reconciliation offering between an individual and YAH. It was used as a means to re-establish a relationship with YAH that may have been broken or harmed through a trespass or neglect.

These offering are important because we see them all in the new testament centered around Yahshua. We need to understand the role of these offerings and the objective of their operation to better understand the purpose of Yahshua’s sacrifice and ministry.

    YAH spoke to Moshe, saying, “Speak to the children of Yisra’el, saying, ’He who offers the sacrifice of his peace offerings to YAH shall bring his offering to YAH out of the sacrifice of his peace offerings. With his own hands he shall bring the offerings of YAH made by fire. He shall bring the fat with the breast, that the breast may be waved for a wave offering before YAH. The Priest shall burn the fat on the altar, BUT THE BREAST SHALL BE AHARON’S AND HIS SONS’. The right thigh you shall give to the Priest for a heave offering out of the sacrifices of your peace offerings. He among the sons of Aharon who offers the blood of the peace offerings, and the fat, shall have the right thigh for a portion. (Leviticus 7:31-33 RNEB)

The breast was given to Aaron, the shoulder was given to his sons.

    For the waved breast and the heaved thigh I have taken from the children of Yisra’el out of the sacrifices of their peace offerings, and have given them to Aharon the Priest and to his sons as their portion forever from the children of Yisra’el.’” (Leviticus 7:34 RNEB)

Unintentional Sin Offerings

    YAH spoke to Moshe, saying, “Speak to the children of Yisra’el, saying, ’If anyone sins unintentionally, in any of the things which YAH has commanded not to be done, and does any one of them: if the anointed Priest sins so as to bring guilt on the people, then let him offer for his sin, which he has sinned, a young bull without blemish to YAH for a sin offering. (Leviticus 4:1-3 RNEB)

Sinning unintentionally is doing it in ignorance, which is when we do something and don’t know it was a sin.

    He shall bring the bull to the door of the Tent of Meeting before YAH; and he shall lay his hand on the head of the bull, and kill the bull before YAH. The anointed Priest shall take some of the blood of the bull, and bring it to the Tent of Meeting. The Priest shall dip his finger in the blood, and sprinkle some of the blood seven times before YAH, before the veil of the sanctuary. The Priest shall put some of the blood on the horns of the altar of sweet incense before YAH, which is in the tent of meeting; and he shall pour out all of rest of the blood of the bull at the base of the altar of burnt offering, which is at the door of the Tent of Meeting. He shall take all the fat of the bull of the sin offering off of it; the fat that covers the innards, and all the fat that is on the innards, and the two kidneys, and the fat that is on them, which is by the loins, and the cover on the liver, with the kidneys, he shall take away, as it is taken off of the ox of the sacrifice of peace offerings. The Priest shall burn them on the altar of burnt offering. The bull’s skin, all its flesh, with its head, and with its legs, its innards, and its dung, even the whole bull shall he carry forth outside the camp to a clean place, where the ashes are poured out, and burn it on wood with fire. Where the ashes are poured out it shall be burned. “’If the whole congregation of Yisra’el sins, and the thing is hidden from the eyes of the assembly, and they have done any of the things which YAH has commanded not to be done, and are guilty; (Leviticus 4:4-13 RNEB)

First we’re dealing with a priest who commits a trespass in ignorance and was required to sacrifice an entire bull for his sin on account of his position. We will now look at what sacrifice was required for the congregation of Yisrael when they committed acts of lawlessness in ignorance.

    when the sin in which they have sinned is known, then the assembly shall offer a young bull for a sin offering, and bring it before the Tent of Meeting. THE ELDERS OF THE CONGREGATION SHALL LAY THEIR HANDS ON THE HEAD OF THE BULL BEFORE YAH; AND THE BULL SHALL BE KILLED BEFORE YAH. (Leviticus 4:14-15 RNEB)

The laying of hands on the animal was the way sin was transferred from the congregation to the bull. YAH hates sin and went to great lengths for us to have the ability to cleanse ourselves when we have been defiled. Religious leaders with a theological position that states that YAH did away with his laws should be avoided. Everything in the universe, in nature, in governments, in homes, is governed by laws, without laws there would be chaos. Therefore, to believe that a sovereign Elohim would not give us clear instructions on what we can and can’t do to have a relationship with him is foolish, we’re in a covenant with YAH, which is a solemn agreement, a set of laws and conditions between two or more parties. YAH has shown his mercy and love by giving us clear instructions on how to be obedient and walk in righteousness.

    The anointed Priest shall bring of the blood of the bull to the Tent of Meeting: and the Priest shall dip his finger in the blood, and sprinkle it seven times before YAH, before the veil. He shall put some of the blood on the horns of the altar which is before YAH, that is in the Tent of Meeting; and the rest of the blood he shall pour out at the base of the altar of burnt offering, which is at the door of the Tent of Meeting. All its fat he shall take from it, and burn it on the altar. Thus shall he do with the bull; as he did with the bull of the sin offering, so shall he do with this; AND THE PRIEST SHALL MAKE ATONEMENT FOR THEM, AND THEY SHALL BE FORGIVEN. (Leviticus 4:16-20 RNEB)

They were forgiven because the sin was done in ignorance, they just didn’t know. There were others who would break the laws willfully and with malice, will see what type of sacrifice was required when this occurred.

    He shall carry forth the bull outside the camp, and burn it as he burned the first bull. It is the sin offering for the assembly. “’When a ruler sins, and unwittingly does any one of all the things which YAH his Elohim has commanded not to be done, and is guilty; if his sin, in which he has sinned, is made known to him, he shall bring as his offering a goat, a male without blemish. (Leviticus 4:21-23 RNEB)

A bull was required for the priest and the congregation of Yisrael, and a male goat for a ruler or leader in the community.

    He shall lay his hand on the head of the goat, and kill it in the place where they kill the burnt offering before YAH. It is a sin offering. The Priest shall take some of the blood of the sin offering with his finger, and put it on the horns of the altar of burnt offering. He shall pour out the rest of its blood at the base of the altar of burnt offering. All its fat he shall burn on the altar, like the fat of the sacrifice of peace offerings; and the Priest shall make atonement for him concerning his sin, and he will be forgiven. “’If anyone of the common people sins unwittingly, in doing any of the things which YAH has commanded not to be done, and is guilty; if his sin, which he has sinned, is made known to him, then he shall bring for his offering a goat, a female without blemish, for his sin which he has sinned. (Leviticus 4:24-28 RNEB)

It’s clear there were different sacrifices based on the individual and there position within the community, the weightiest sacrifice being a bull.

    He shall lay his hand on the head of the sin offering, and kill the sin offering in the place of burnt offering. The Priest shall take some of its blood with his finger, and put it on the horns of the altar of burnt offering; and the rest of its blood he shall pour out at the base of the altar. All its fat he shall take away, like the fat is taken away from off of the sacrifice of peace offerings; and the Priest shall burn it on the altar for a sweet savor to YAH; AND THE PRIEST SHALL MAKE ATONEMENT FOR HIM, AND HE WILL BE FORGIVEN. (Leviticus 4:29-31 RNEB)

Lets look at an example that may better clarify a sin done in ignorance. When we see someone sin and discuss it with another, according to the Elohim’s ordinances we have just sinned because the word says in Leviticus 19:16 “You shall not go up and down as a slanderer among your people; neither shall you stand against the life of your neighbor. I am YAH.” Consequently, the first sin we have here is slander or gossip, which is revealing a secret about another, but that’s not all. The law also says in Leviticus 19:17 “You shall not hate your brother in your heart. You shall surely rebuke your neighbor, and not bear sin because of him.” Therefore, if we see our neighbor in sin were supposed to confront him, so that we don’t bare his sin ourselves. In this example there were two transgressions of the law which could have easily been done in ignorance. Through YAH’s grace and mercy transgressions done by mistake can be reconciled through repentance, as long as they’re not done defiantly or premeditated.

    “’If anyone sins, in that he hears the voice of adjuration, he being a witness, whether he has seen or known, if he doesn’t report it, then he shall bear his lawlessness. (Leviticus 5:1 RNEB)

If a person who is a witness, someone sworn to testify, refuses to tell what he has seen or heard about the matter, he has transgressed the law.

    “’Or if anyone touches any unclean thing, whether it is the carcass of an unclean animal, or the carcass of unclean livestock, or the carcass of unclean creeping things, and it is hidden from him, and he is unclean, then he shall be guilty. (Leviticus 5:2 RNEB)

If a person touches something unclean, he is guilty, even though he may not be aware that he is unclean. Being unclean is not a sin, however being unclean and entering a Holy place like the temple or a dedicated sanctuary is a sin. We are guilty, even if we are unaware of it, however we’re held accountable when we become aware of it.

    “’Or if he touches the uncleanness of man, whatever his uncleanness is with which he is unclean, and it is hidden from him; WHEN HE KNOWS OF IT, THEN HE SHALL BE GUILTY. “’Or IF ANYONE SWEARS RASHLY WITH HIS LIPS TO DO EVIL, OR TO DO GOOD, WHATEVER IT IS THAT A MAN MIGHT UTTER RASHLY WITH AN OATH, AND IT IS HIDDEN FROM HIM; WHEN HE KNOWS OF IT, THEN HE SHALL BE GUILTY of one of these. (Leviticus 5:3-4 RNEB)

We need to be careful when making a promise or commitment because the law states, whatever oath we bind ourselves with, we must perform. We must be very careful when making a vow, promise, or commitment, because we will be held accountable for every word spoken, as if the pledge was made to Elohim directly.

    It shall be, WHEN HE IS GUILTY OF ONE OF THESE, HE SHALL CONFESS THAT IN WHICH HE HAS SINNED: AND HE SHALL BRING HIS TRESPASS OFFERING TO YAH FOR HIS SIN WHICH HE HAS SINNED, A FEMALE FROM THE FLOCK, A LAMB OR A GOAT, FOR A SIN OFFERING; and the Priest shall make atonement for him concerning his sin. “’If he can’t afford a lamb, then he shall bring his trespass offering for that in which he has sinned, two turtledoves, or two young pigeons, to YAH; one for a sin offering, and the other for a burnt offering. He shall bring them to the Priest, who shall first offer the one which is for the sin offering, and wring off its head from its neck, but shall not sever it completely. He shall sprinkle some of the blood of the sin offering on the side of the altar; and the rest of the blood shall be drained out at the base of the altar. It is a sin offering. He shall offer the second for a burnt offering, according to the ordinance; and the Priest shall make atonement for him concerning his sin which he has sinned, and he shall be forgiven. (Leviticus 5:5-10 RNEB)

When any of these are done in ignorance, confessed and repented, which means to feel regret or remorse about, they can be forgiven. Confession is not new, it was practiced in the old testament long before the new testament came along. Everything in the new testament was established long ago and written in the Torah (First five books), which means instructions.

    “’But if he can’t afford two turtledoves, or two young pigeons, then he shall bring his offering for that in which he has sinned, the tenth part of an efah of fine flour for a sin offering. He shall put no oil on it, neither shall he put any frankincense on it, for it is a sin offering. He shall bring it to the Priest, and the Priest shall take his handful of it as the memorial portion, and burn it on the altar, on the offerings of YAH made by fire. It is a sin offering. The Priest shall make atonement for him concerning his sin that he has sinned in any of these things, and he will be forgiven; and the rest shall be the Priest’s, as the meal offering.’” (Leviticus 5:11-13 RNEB)

Trespass Offering

    “Speak to Aharon and to his sons, saying, ’This is the law of the sin offering: in the place where the burnt offering is killed, the sin offering shall be killed before YAH. It is most holy. The Priest who offers it for sin shall eat it. It shall be eaten in a holy place, in the court of the Tent of Meeting. Whatever shall touch its flesh shall be holy. When there is any of its blood sprinkled on a garment, you shall wash that on which it was sprinkled in a holy place. But the earthen vessel in which it is boiled shall be broken; and if it is boiled in a bronze vessel, it shall be scoured, and rinsed in water. Every male among the priests shall eat of it: it is most holy. No sin offering, of which any of the blood is brought into the Tent of Meeting to make atonement in the Holy Place, shall be eaten: it shall be burned with fire. (Leviticus 6:25-30 RNEB)

If the blood of the animal sacrifice has to go in the tabernacle to be sprinkled behind the veil, the priest can’t eat of that particular animal, it has to be wholly burnt and the ashes dumped outside the camp, this happens on Yom Kippur.

One of the common beliefs in religion is that if a law was broken under the old testament you were killed, however we see a very different picture. YAH has extended his grace, forgiveness, and mercy for almost every situation by providing the means of being reconciled and cleansed from iniquity. The Grace of the new testament originated in the old testament, the only difference is the sacrifice being used.

    YAH spoke to Moshe, saying, “If anyone commits a trespass, and sins unwittingly, in the holy things of YAH; then he shall bring his trespass offering to YAH, a ram without blemish from the flock, according to your estimation in silver by shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary, for a trespass offering. (Leviticus 5:14-15 RNEB)

Holy things were the sacred things of YAH.

    He shall make restitution for that which he has done wrong in the holy thing, and shall add a fifth part to it, and give it to the Priest; and the Priest shall make atonement for him with the ram of the trespass offering, and he will be forgiven. “If anyone sins, and does any of the things which YAH has commanded not to be done; though he didn’t know it, yet he is guilty, and shall bear his lawlessness. He shall bring a ram without blemish from of the flock, according to your estimation, for a trespass offering, to the Priest; AND THE PRIEST SHALL MAKE ATONEMENT FOR HIM CONCERNING THE THING IN WHICH HE SINNED AND DIDN’T KNOW IT, AND HE WILL BE FORGIVEN. IT IS A TRESPASS OFFERING. HE IS CERTAINLY GUILTY BEFORE YAH.” (Leviticus 5:16-19 RNEB)
    YAH spoke to Moshe, saying, “If anyone sins, and commits a trespass against YAH, by dealing falsely with his neighbor in a matter of deposit, or of bargain, or of robbery, or has oppressed his neighbor, (Leviticus 6:1-2 RNEB)

A trespass against a brother or sister is a trespass committed against Elohim.

    or has found that which was lost, and dealt falsely therein, and swearing to a lie; in any of all these things that a man does, sinning therein; then it shall be, if he has sinned, and is guilty, HE SHALL RESTORE THAT WHICH HE TOOK BY ROBBERY, OR THE THING WHICH HE HAS GOTTEN BY OPPRESSION, OR THE DEPOSIT WHICH WAS COMMITTED TO HIM, OR THE LOST THING WHICH HE FOUND, OR ANY THING ABOUT WHICH HE HAS SWORN FALSELY; HE SHALL RESTORE IT EVEN IN FULL, AND SHALL ADD A FIFTH PART MORE TO IT. TO HIM TO WHOM IT BELONGS HE SHALL GIVE IT, IN THE DAY OF HIS BEING FOUND GUILTY. He shall bring his trespass offering to YAH, a ram without blemish from the flock, according to your estimation, for a trespass offering, to the Priest. The Priest shall make atonement for him before YAH, and he will be forgiven concerning whatever he does to become guilty.” (Leviticus 6:3-7 RNEB)

This trespass required the individual to restore what was stolen, lost, or connived, plus an additional 20% payed based on the priests estimation, and a offering was required. The offering was for reconciliation to Elohim, it was not for the individual that was trespassed against. We must treat others as if we were directly interacting with Elohim, for the sin in this trespass is directly against him, that’s why Yahshua said, “when I was naked you clothed me, when I was hungry you fed me, when I was thirsty you gave me to drink, and the apostles said when have we did these things, and Yahshua answered if you did it to the least of these my children you have done it to me.”

Lets look at seven things YAH hates:

    There are six things which YAH hates; yes, seven which are an abomination to him: haughty eyes, a lying tongue, hands that shed innocent blood; a heart that devises wicked schemes, feet that are swift in running to mischief, a false witness who utters lies, and he who sows discord among brothers. (Proverbs 6:16-19 RNEB)
    “’This is the law of the trespass offering. It is most holy. In the place where they kill the burnt offering, he shall kill the trespass offering; and its blood he shall sprinkle on the altar round about. He shall offer all of its fat: the fat tail, and the fat that covers the innards, and the two kidneys, and the fat that is on them, which is by the loins, and the cover on the liver, with the kidneys, shall he take away; and the Priest shall burn them on the altar for an offering made by fire to YAH: it is a trespass offering. Every male among the priests may eat of it. It shall be eaten in a holy place. It is most holy. “’As is the sin offering, so is the trespass offering; there is one law for them. The Priest who makes atonement with them shall have it. The Priest who offers any man’s burnt offering, even the Priest shall have for himself the skin of the burnt offering which he has offered. Every meal offering that is baked in the oven, and all that is dressed in the frying pan, and on the baking pan, shall be the Priest’s who offers it. Every meal offering, mixed with oil or dry, belongs to all the sons of Aharon, one as well as another. (Leviticus 7:1-10 RNEB)

The upcoming scripture refers strictly to the process of anointing a new priest, so it does not apply to us in any way, however we should be aware of the process.

    YAH spoke to Moshe, saying, “This is the offering of Aharon and of his sons, which they shall offer to YAH in the day when he is anointed: the tenth part of an efah of fine flour for a meal offering perpetually, half of it in the morning, and half of it in the evening. It shall be made with oil in a baking pan. When it is soaked, you shall bring it in. You shall offer the meal offering in baked pieces for a sweet savor to YAH. The anointed Priest that will be in his place from among his sons shall offer it. By a statute forever, it shall be wholly burnt to YAH. (Leviticus 6:19-22 RNEB)

This is a wholly burnt offering for full dedication to the service of Elohim.

    Every meal offering of a Priest shall be wholly burned. It shall not be eaten.” (Leviticus 6:23 RNEB)

The purpose of the burnt offering was to have the sweet smelling savour ascend into heaven, so lets see how this compares to the sacrifice of Yahshua.

    We have an altar from which those who serve the holy tabernacle have no right to eat. For the bodies of those animals, whose blood is brought into the holy place by the High Priest as an offering for sin, are burned outside of the camp. Therefore Yahshua also, that he might sanctify the people through his own blood, suffered outside of the gate. (Hebrews 13:10-12 RNEB)

Yahshua died outside the gate, rose the third day, and ascended into heaven. The sacrifices were burned, the smoke representing that sacrifice ascended into heaven, it’s the very same thing.

    YAH spoke to Moshe, saying, Speak to the children of Yisra’el, and tell them, When you are come into the land of your habitations, which I give to you, and will make an offering by fire to YAH, a burnt offering, or a sacrifice, to accomplish a vow, or as a freewill offering, or in your set feasts, to make a sweet savor to YAH, of the herd, or of the flock; then shall he who offers his offering offer to YAH a meal offering of a tenth part [of an efah] of fine flour mixed with the fourth part of a hin of oil: and wine for the drink offering, the fourth part of a hin, shall you prepare with the burnt offering, or for the sacrifice, for each lamb. Or for a ram, you shall prepare for a meal offering two tenth parts [of an efah] of fine flour mixed with the third part of a hin of oil: and for the drink offering you shall offer the third part of a hin of wine, of a sweet savor to YAH. When you prepare a bull for a burnt offering, or for a sacrifice, to accomplish a vow, or for peace offerings to YAH; then shall he offer with the bull a meal offering of three tenth parts [of an efah] of fine flour mixed with half a hin of oil: and you shall offer for the drink offering half a hin of wine, for an offering made by fire, of a sweet savor to YAH. Thus shall it be done for each bull, or for each ram, or for each of the male lambs, or of the young goats. According to the number that you shall prepare, so shall you do to everyone according to their number. All who are native-born shall do these things after this manner, in offering an offering made by fire, of a sweet savor to YAH. If a stranger lives as a foreigner with you, or whoever may be among you throughout your generations, and will offer an offering made by fire, of a sweet savor to YAH; as you do, so he shall do. For the assembly, there shall be one statute for you, and for the stranger who lives as a foreigner [with you], a statute forever throughout your generations: as you are, so shall the foreigner be before YAH. One law and one ordinance shall be for you, and for the stranger who lives as a foreigner with you. YAH spoke to Moshe, saying, Speak to the children of Yisra’el, and tell them, When you come into the land where I bring you, then it shall be that when you eat of the bread of the land, you shall offer up a wave offering to YAH. Of the first of your dough you shall offer up a cake for a wave offering: as the wave offering of the threshing floor, so shall you heave it. Of the first of your dough you shall give to YAH a wave offering throughout your generations. WHEN YOU UNWITTINGLY ERR, and not observe all these commandments, which YAH has spoken to Moshe, (Numbers 15:1-22 RNEB)

We see again that a mistake, a sin done in ignorance, can be forgiven.

    even all that YAH has commanded you by Moshe, from the day that YAH gave commandment, and onward throughout your generations; then it shall be, if it be done unwittingly, without the knowledge of the congregation, that all the congregation shall offer one young bull for a burnt offering, for a sweet savor to YAH, with the meal offering of it, and the drink offering of it, according to the ordinance, and one male goat for a sin offering. The Priest shall make atonement for all the congregation of the children of Yisra’el, and they shall be forgiven; for it was an error, and they have brought their offering, an offering made by fire to YAH, and their sin offering before YAH, for their error: and all the congregation of the children of Yisra’el shall be forgiven, and the stranger who lives as a foreigner among them; for in respect of all the people it was done unwittingly. If one person sins unwittingly, then he shall offer a female goat a year old for a sin offering. THE PRIEST SHALL MAKE ATONEMENT FOR THE SOUL WHO ERRS, WHEN HE SINS UNWITTINGLY, BEFORE YAH, to make atonement for him; and he shall be forgiven. YOU SHALL HAVE ONE LAW FOR HIM WHO DOES ANYTHING UNWITTINGLY, for him who is native-born among the children of Yisra’el, and for the stranger who lives as a foreigner among them. BUT THE SOUL WHO DOES ANYTHING WITH A HIGH HAND, WHETHER HE IS NATIVE-BORN OR A FOREIGNER, THE SAME BLASPHEMES YAH; AND THAT SOUL SHALL BE CUT OFF FROM AMONG HIS PEOPLE.Because he has despised the word of YAH, and has broken his commandment, that soul shall utterly be cut off; his lawlessness shall be on him. While the children of Yisra’el were in the wilderness, they found a man gathering sticks on the day of Sabbath. Those who found him gathering sticks brought him to Moshe and Aharon, and to all the congregation. They put him in custody, because it had not been declared what should be done to him. YAH said to Moshe, The man shall surely be put to death: all the congregation shall stone him with stones outside of the camp. All the congregation brought him outside of the camp, and stoned him to death with stones; as YAH commanded Moshe. (Numbers 15:23-36 RNEB)

Because YAH loves his children he shows mercy when they commit iniquity in ignorance. There were specific laws given to govern atonement of sin done by mistake and those done with a high hand.

    YAH spoke to Moshe, saying, Speak to the children of Yisra’el, and bid those who they make them tzitziyot [fringe] in the borders of their garments throughout their generations, and that they put on the tzitzit of each border a cord of blue: and it shall be to you for a tzitzit, that you may look on it, and remember all the commandments of YAH, and do them; and that you not follow after your own heart and your own eyes, after which you use to play the prostitute; that you may remember and do all my commandments, and be holy to your Elohim. I am YAH your Elohim, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, to be your Elohim: I am YAH your Elohim (Numbers 15:37-41 RNEB)

Certain colors in scripture hold specific meanings.

  • Blue – Heavenly
  • White – Purity
  • Scarlet – Sacrifice
  • Purple – Royalty
  • Gold – Wealth

The fringe as mandated in scripture is still required today, nowhere has this ordinance been annulled. It is specifically brought up here because they had just put someone to death for breaking the commandments and the fringe was set forth to be a reminder to them. We are required to wear fringes, whenever we have on a garment that has the for corners required to meet the ordinance.

    YAH said to Aharon, You and your sons and your fathers’ house with you shall bear the lawlessness of the sanctuary; and you and your sons with you shall bear the lawlessness of your priesthood. (Numbers 18:1 RNEB)

Only Aharon and his family line were responsible for things that went wrong in the sanctuary and in their service as priests. No one else could fill this post then, and it does not apply to us in this age.

    Your brothers also, the tribe of Levi, the tribe of your father, bring you near with you, that they may be joined to you, and minister to you: but you and your sons with you shall be before the tent of the testimony. (Numbers 18:2 RNEB)

We have all Aaron’s family called to service, Aaron came from the tribe of Levi, and they would work under Aaron and his sons the priests, lets see what their job was.

    They shall keep your charge, and the charge of all the Tent: only they shall not come near to the vessels of the sanctuary and to the altar, that they not die, neither they, nor you. They shall be joined to you, and keep the charge of the tent of meeting, for all the service of the Tent: and a stranger shall not come near to you. You shall keep the charge of the sanctuary, and the charge of the altar; THAT THERE BE WRATH NO MORE ON THE CHILDREN OF YISRA’EL. (Numbers 18:3-5 RNEB)

Were dealing with offerings that were given to propitiate, reconcile, atone, and cover. There needs to be someone to mediate and make these offerings for the people, so there would be no more wrath on the sons of Yisrael. Therefore, YAH raised Aaron, his sons, and then the Levi to help in the work of the tabernacle. Aaron is the high priest and is not supposed to leave the tabernacle in fear that someone may defile him, he is holy and was placed in this position to remove wrath from Yisrael.

    I, behold, I have taken your brothers the Levites from among the children of Yisra’el: to you they are a gift, given to YAH, to do the service of the tent of meeting. You and your sons with you shall keep your priesthood for everything of the altar, and for that within the veil; and you shall serve: I give you the priesthood as a service of gift: and the stranger who comes near shall be put to death. YAH spoke to Aharon, I, behold, I have given you the charge of my wave offerings, even all the holy things of the children of Yisra’el; to you have I given them by reason of the anointing, and to your sons, as a portion forever. This shall be your of the most holy things, [reserved] from the fire: every offering of theirs, even every meal offering of theirs, and every sin offering of theirs, and every trespass offering of theirs, which they shall render to me, shall be most holy for you and for your sons. As the most holy things shall you eat of it; every male shall eat of it: it shall be holy to you. This is your: the wave offering of their gift, even all the wave offerings of the children of Yisra’el; I HAVE GIVEN THEM TO YOU, AND TO YOUR SONS AND TO YOUR DAUGHTERS WITH YOU, AS A PORTION FOREVER; everyone who is clean in your house shall eat of it. All the best of the oil, and all the best of the vintage, and of the grain, the first fruits of them which they give to YAH, to you have I given them. (Numbers 18:6-12 RNEB)

This was given as a service and statute forever, this is the reason we see sacrificial ordinances resurrected during the millennial age under the priesthood of Tzodak the descendant of Eliezer, from the line of Aaron.

The people brought their sacrifices to YAH, and the priests were able to partake of it because they represented Elohim, and it was as if he was eating it. It’s the aroma that’s sweet to YAH and the smoke of the sacrifice that rises so it can present itself before him.

    The first-ripe fruits of all that is in their land, which they bring to YAH, shall be yours; everyone who is clean in your house shall eat of it. Everything devoted in Yisra’el shall be yours. Everything that opens the womb, of all flesh which they offer to YAH, both of man and animal shall be yours: nevertheless the firstborn of man shall you surely redeem, and the firstborn of unclean animals shall you redeem. (Numbers 18:13-15 RNEB)

YAH is telling them that the first born of everything they have is his, however if it’s a child he is asking that they present it before him, then redeem it. In other words, they needed to take their first born child to the temple and present it before Elohim, then take it back by redeeming it for a price.

    Those who are to be redeemed of them from a month old shall you redeem, according to your estimation, for the money of five shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary (the same is twenty gerahs). (Numbers 18:16 RNEB)

This was money that the priests were able to receive for the first born of their offspring or animals. This became another revenue stream for the priesthood.

    But the firstborn of a cow, or the firstborn of a sheep, or the firstborn of a goat, you shall not redeem; they are holy: you shall sprinkle their blood on the altar, and shall burn their fat for an offering made by fire, for a sweet savor to YAH. (Numbers 18:17 RNEB)

These animals were holy and had to go to the alter, a ransom could not be made.

    The flesh of them shall be your, as the wave offering breast and as the right thigh, it shall be yours. All the wave offerings of the holy things, which the children of Yisra’el offer to YAH, have I given you, and your sons and your daughters with you, as a portion forever: it is a covenant of salt forever before YAH to you and to your seed with you. YAH said to Aharon, You shall have no inheritance in their land, neither shall you have any portion among them: I am your portion and your inheritance among the children of Yisra’el. (Numbers 18:18-20 RNEB)

No one can enter this practice except Aaron and his children, it was a law forever. In other words, if this is done by anyone else they would not be accepted, it would be an abomination before YAH. Levi was not given and inheritance among the rest of Yisrael, however they were taken care of and provided for by YAH for their service. They were first provided food, Levite’s got tithes of the livestock and crops, and the priests were given the sacrifices of the alter.

    To the children of Levi, behold, I have given all the tithe in Yisra’el for an inheritance, in return for their service which they serve, even the service of the tent of meeting. Henceforth the children of Yisra’el shall not come near the tent of meeting, lest they bear sin, and die. (Numbers 18:21-22 RNEB)

The Levite’s received the tenth from the people by covenant, the stranger that comes in and tries to receive this is signing his own death sentence. This is why we have never seen one of the apostles or disciple in the new testament trying to exact tithes from the people or even mentioning it.

    But the Levites shall do the service of the tent of meeting, and they shall bear their lawlessness: it shall be a statute forever throughout your generations; and among the children of Yisra’el they shall have no inheritance. For the tithe of the children of Yisra’el, which they offer as a wave offering to YAH, I have given to the Levites for an inheritance: therefore I have said to them, Among the children of Yisra’el they shall have no inheritance. YAH spoke to Moshe, saying, Moreover you shall speak to the Levites, and tell them, When you take of the children of Yisra’el the tithe which I have given you from them for your inheritance, then you shall offer up a wave offering of it for YAH, a tithe of the tithe. Your wave offering shall be reckoned to you, as though it were the grain of the threshing floor, and as the fullness of the winepress. Thus you also shall offer a wave offering to YAH of all your tithes, which you receive of the children of Yisra’el; and of it you shall give YAH’s wave offering to Aharon the Priest. (Numbers 18:23-28 RNEB)

Levi received a tenth from the people than they paid a tenth of that to Aaron and his sons. These were all distributed in the form of livestock and crops, never money.

    Out of all your gifts you shall offer every wave offering of YAH, of all the best of it, even the holy part of it out of it. Therefore you shall tell them, When you heave the best of it from it, then it shall be reckoned to the Levites as the increase of the threshing floor, and as the increase of the winepress. You shall eat it in every place, you and your households: FOR IT IS YOUR REWARD IN RETURN FOR YOUR SERVICE IN THE TENT OF MEETING. You shall bear no sin by reason of it, when you have heaved from it the best of it: and you shall not profane the holy things of the children of Yisra’el, that you not die. (Numbers 18:29-32 RNEB)

There wages for the service of the tent of meeting were the tithes, which were always paid in dietary form.

    YAH spoke to Moshe, saying, Command the children of Yisra’el, and tell them, My offering, my food for my offerings made by fire, of a sweet savor to me, shall you observe to offer to me in their due season. You shall tell them, This is the offering made by fire which you shall offer to YAH: male lambs a year old without blemish, two day by day, for a continual burnt offering. The one lamb shall you offer in the morning, and the other lamb shall you offer at even; (Numbers 28:1-4 RNEB)

They were instructed to make an offering every single day of two lambs, one in the morning the other in the evening, these were known as the morning and evening oblations. YAH is covering their sin every single day, this is beside the offerings that individuals would bring when they were guilty of a trespass.

    and the tenth part of an efah of fine flour for a meal offering, mixed with the fourth part of a hin of beaten oil. It is a continual burnt offering, which was ordained in Mount Sinai for a sweet savor, an offering made by fire to YAH. The drink offering of it shall be the fourth part of a hin for the one lamb: in the holy place shall you pour out a drink offering of strong drink to YAH. The other lamb shall you offer at even: as the meal offering of the morning, and as the drink offering of it, you shall offer it, an offering made by fire, of a sweet savor to YAH. (Numbers 28:5-8 RNEB)
    “Now this is that which you shall offer on the altar: two lambs a year old day by day continually. The one lamb you shall offer in the morning; and the other lamb you shall offer at evening: and with the one lamb a tenth part of an efah of fine flour mixed with the fourth part of a hin of beaten oil, and the fourth part of a hin of wine for a drink offering. The other lamb you shall offer at evening, and shall do to it according to the meal offering of the morning, and according to its drink offering, for a sweet savor, an offering made by fire to YAH. It shall be a continual burnt offering throughout your generations at the door of the tent of meeting before YAH, where I will meet with you, to speak there to you. There I will meet with the children of Yisra’el; and the place shall be sanctified by my glory. I will sanctify the tent of meeting and the altar: Aharon also and his sons I will sanctify, to minister to me in the Priest’s office. (Exodus 29:38-44 RNEB)

 

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