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MoreiYah » New Covenant » Understanding The New Covenant I

Understanding The New Covenant I

In this study series, we will examine the purpose and administration of the New Covenant in addition to understanding the reason for it. We will also review the operation of the sacrificial laws to understand their application in the new testament and address several questions often asked by bible students.

  • What is the New Covenant?
  • Has the Old Covenant been completely done away with?
  • What is the purpose of the New Covenant?
  • Has the New Covenant removed us from the laws of Elohim?
  • What does the Old Covenant consist of, and represent?
  • What was the purpose of the Levitical order?
  • How were the Levites compensated?
  • Why does the New Covenant state that Elohim will write his laws in our heart and mind?
  • What is the process to write Elohim’s laws in our heart and mind?

Many religious bodies believe that the old covenant has been completely nullified, bringing us under a new covenant, however is this theological position correct?

Elohim’s laws can be segmented into three categories, each with their own dedicated statutes, they include:

  1. The Laws of Holiness, which tell us how to have an intimate relationship with YAH and serve him in a dedicated manner.
  2. The Laws of Morality or human relations, which shows how people should live among each other in a theocratic manner.
  3. The Sacrificial Laws, which were established to cover iniquity, which is being disobedient to the laws of morality and holiness.

The third law was introduced to redeem man from his trespasses against the first two laws, it also removes Elohim’s wrath from man to establish peace in the relationship between man and Elohim.

We will take a very methodical and strategic approach to better understand the dynamics of the New Covenant contrasted with the Old Covenant. Revealing its operation, nature, and application for today.

    He is the one who comes after me, who is preferred before me, whose sandal strap I’m not worthy to loosen.” These things were done in Beit-Anyah beyond the Yarden, where Yochanan was immersing. The next day, he saw Yahshua coming to him, and said, “Behold, the Lamb of Elohim, who takes away the sin of the world! (John 1:27-29 RNEB)

Yochanan called Yahshua the lamb, and the purpose of the lamb under the old covenant was as a sacrifice to cover sins. Yochanan was announcing exactly what Yahshua’s purpose was, “See, the Lamb of Elohim who takes away the sin of the world!”

    For the Torah, having a shadow of the good to come, not the very image of the things, can never with the same sacrifices year by year, which they offer continually, make perfect those who draw near. (Hebrews 10:1 RNEB)

The only laws that would not be able to perfect those who draw near with sacrifices are the sacrificial laws, which was the system setup as a method of redeeming man from breaking the laws of holiness (first four commandments) and morality (last six commandments). It’s crucial we understand how the law is constructed, or we will not understand what Shaul was saying.

    Or else wouldn’t they have ceased to be offered, because the worshippers, having been once cleansed, would have had no more consciousness of sins? (Hebrews 10:2 RNEB)

The old covenant process required that they bring a sacrifice to the priest, the priest would ask what the sacrifice was for, if it was a burnt offering it was to show YAH that they were truly remorseful for their trespasses, they would go through a lamenting stage, then bring the priest the sacrifice, they would then place their hands against the head of the lamb to transfer their sins to the animal, and finally the priest would cut the animals throat, drain it of blood, and burn it up. They would then be absolved of their iniquity, remember the third law was to cover iniquity, redeem Man, and shield him from wrath. This is the process which was set forth under the old covenant. Scripture said this process was never able to make a man perfect, because if it did they would have had no more consciousness of sin.

    But in those sacrifices there is yearly reminder of sins. FOR IT IS IMPOSSIBLE THAT THE BLOOD OF BULLS AND GOATS SHOULD TAKE AWAY SINS. (Hebrews 10:3-4 RNEB)

This must have been possible, because Elohim gave it to purge iniquity from the congregation, redeem man, and shield him from wrath. This is actually saying that it’s impossible that the blood of bulls and goats can take away sins after the death and resurrection of the Anointed.

    Therefore when he comes into the world, he says, “Sacrifice and offering you didn’t desire, but you prepared a body for me; You had no pleasure in whole burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin. Then I said, ’Behold, I have come (in the scroll of the book it is written of me) to do your will, O Elohim.’” Previously saying, “Sacrifices and offerings and whole burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin you didn’t desire, neither had pleasure in them” (those which are offered according to the Torah), then he has said, “Behold, I have come to do your will.” HE TAKES AWAY THE FIRST, THAT HE MAY ESTABLISH THE SECOND, (Hebrews 10:5-9 RNEB)

He is taking away the animal sacrifices and giving us a human sacrifice to replace them. Psalms 40 says, Sacrifice and offerings you didn’t desire, but you prepared a body for me; What we’re being told prophetically is YAH has no pleasure in animal sacrifice, yet he ordained the process, this is one of the things will address in this study. He took away the first, so he can establish the second. In other words, he took away the first covenant, which contains animal sacrifices to introduce a new covenant which was sealed with the blood of a man. What we will come to understand is that the new covenant based on the sacrifice of a mans blood accomplishes the same things that were required under the original sacrificial ordinances.

    by which will we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Yahshua the Anointed once for all. (Hebrews 10:10 RNEB)

Yahshua was the body that was prepared for us once and for all. Shaul first talked to the Hebrews about animal sacrifices which he said was doing no good, then he transitioned into Yahshua, he said the first one is coming down and the second one is rising. We are sanctified by the second one, which speaks to the body of Yahshua that was given to propitiate, redeem, shield us from wrath, and purge us of iniquity [lawlessness].

    Every Priest indeed stands day by day serving and often offering the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins, but he, when he had offered one sacrifice for sins forever, sat down on the right hand of Elohim; from that time waiting until his enemies are made the footstool of his feet. For by one offering he has perfected forever those who are being sanctified. The Holy Spirit also testifies to us, for after saying, “THIS IS THE COVENANT THAT I WILL MAKE WITH THEM: ’AFTER THOSE DAYS,’ SAYS YAH, ’I WILL PUT MY LAWS ON THEIR HEART, I WILL ALSO WRITE THEM ON THEIR MIND;’” THEN HE SAYS, (Hebrews 10:11-16 RNEB)

He will put his laws on our heart, and write them on our mind, but what’s the process, how is he going to do this?

    “I will remember their sins and their iniquities no more.” NOW WHERE REMISSION OF THESE IS, THERE IS NO MORE OFFERING FOR SIN. (Hebrews 10:17-18 RNEB)

Yahshua has been introduced to establish the second, a new process which allows us to be redeemed, iniquity purged, and the shielding from wrath, our debt has been forgiven. YAH gave Yahshua as the final sacrifice, there won’t be another.

    Having therefore, brothers, boldness to enter into the holy place by the blood of Yahshua, (Hebrews 10:19 RNEB)

The Most Holy place is in the tabernacle, which is the dwelling place of Elohim. Outside of the holy of holies was the holy place where burnt offerings were done daily and throughout the year. The priests would take the blood from the sacrifices and sprinkle it on the veil, which was the entrance to the holy of holies. Once per year the priests had to go behind the veil on Yom Kippur, the day of covering, the day mandated to atone and release the iniquity of Yisrael. In the holy of holies was the mercy seat which was covered by two Cherubim with their wings touching one another and a fiery cloud, an angel, just above, which represented Elohim. The priest entered behind the veil and sprinkled the blood of the lamb over the mercy seat, which was done in the presence of Elohim to atone for the sins of the people.

 

    by the way which he dedicated for us, a new and living way, through the veil, that is to say, his flesh; (Hebrews 10:20 RNEB)

Yahshua’s flesh replaced the veil that separated the holy place from the most holy place. Scripture said in verse 19, “having boldness to enter in,” according to tradition the high priest did not enter into the most holy place without a cord tied around his ankle, because if he was not in right standing with Elohim or did not go through the process correctly, the angel would put him to death as he passed through the veil. Since no one could go through to get him the cord was used to drag him out if this occurred. When the priest went behind the veil he sprinkled the blood of the lamb over the mercy seat, which was done in the presence of Elohim to atone, propitiate, redeem, and reconcile the sins of the priest and Yisrael. When scripture talks about continuous sacrifices year by year, it is speaking of the offering made on the day of atonement, which is the holiest of all sacrifices.

    and having a great Priest over the house of Elohim, (Hebrews 10:21 RNEB)

We have one high priest which represents the house of Yisrael, that is why anyone else calling themselves a priest is in error and does not understand the covenant that we’re supposed to become part of. There is only one priest in this age, who mediates, intercedes, and shields us from wrath, Yahshua the Anointed.

Now lets see how we’re going to have the confidence and boldness to stand in the holiest by the blood of the Anointed. Shaul discussed three different topics and two different processes, in Hebrews 10 :1-4 he is talking about the ceremonial laws, then in Hebrews 10:5-18 he is talking about taking them away, then in Hebrews 10:19-23 he has given us the new process, and these were all centered on sacrifices.

    let’s draw near with a true heart in fullness of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and having our body washed with pure water, (Hebrews 10:22 RNEB)

Lets review the process:

  • We have to come to Elohim with a pure heart.
  • We have to be secure in our faith.
  • We have to be cleansed from a wicked heart.
  • We have to be purified in water.

To be secure in the faith, we have to know it, which requires that we learn, then understand, and finally take action by applying it.

    let us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering; for he who promised is faithful. (Hebrews 10:23 RNEB)

We need to hold fast and be stable, being rooted in what we confess in faith without yielding.

    Let us consider how to provoke one another to love and good works, (Hebrews 10:24 RNEB)

We should genuinely think about one another, be concerned, and know how those in the covenant are really doing.

    not forsaking our own assembling together, as the custom of some is, but exhorting one another; and so much the more, as you see the Day approaching. (Hebrews 10:25 RNEB)

We are commanded seventy one times in scripture to learn, assemble together, encourage, and support each other.

    For if we sin willfully after we have received the knowledge of the truth, there remains no more a sacrifice for sins, (Hebrews 10:26 RNEB)

Yahshua died once to purge all of our iniquity, there is no more sacrifice for sin. Sinning on purpose is acting presumptuously, which is committing and act of iniquity out of defiance. In other words, if we sin by reason of our own physical or mental weakness, by mistake or in ignorance, we can receive forgiveness, however if we commit a willful act of disobedience, we’re left with a certain fearful expectation of judgement. Repentance requires a sincere heart and a actual turning from iniquity [lawlessness], without this, there is no forgiveness.

    but a certain fearful expectation of judgment, and a fierceness of fire which will devour the adversaries. (Hebrews 10:27 RNEB)

This is what happens if we commit a willful act of sin after receiving the understanding of truth.

    For the Torah, having a shadow of the good to come, not the very image of the things, can never with the same sacrifices year by year, which they offer continually, make perfect those who draw near. Or else wouldn’t they have ceased to be offered, because the worshippers, having been once cleansed, would have had no more consciousness of sins? (Hebrews 10:1-2 RNEB)

Once the sacrificial ordinances were executed it should have purged them from iniquity, they should have been appreciative, remorseful, and clean of conscience with no further desire to perform sin.

    But in those sacrifices there is yearly reminder of sins. For it is impossible that the blood of bulls and goats should take away sins. Therefore when he comes into the world, he says, “Sacrifice and offering you didn’t desire, but you prepared a body for me; You had no pleasure in whole burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin. Then I said, ’Behold, I have come (in the scroll of the book it is written of me) to do your will, O Elohim.’” Previously saying, “Sacrifices and offerings and whole burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin you didn’t desire, neither had pleasure in them” (those which are offered according to the Torah), then he has said, “Behold, I have come to do your will.” He takes away the first, that he may establish the second, (Hebrews 10:3-9 RNEB)
    Now these things having been thus prepared, the priests go in continually into the first tabernacle, accomplishing the services, but into the second the High Priest alone, once in the year, not without blood, which he offers for himself, and for the errors of the people. The Holy Spirit is indicating this, that the way into the Holy Place wasn’t yet revealed while the first tabernacle was still standing; which is a symbol of the present age, where gifts and sacrifices are offered that are incapable, concerning the conscience, of making the worshipper perfect; (Hebrews 9:6-9 RNEB)

Shaul is repeating himself, he said the very same thing in both chapter nine and ten of Hebrews. He is telling us when the sons of Yisrael brought the sacrifices they didn’t do anything for them concerning their conscience, they were not remorseful, upset, shocked, or removed from iniquity.

    being only (with meats and drinks and various washings) fleshly ordinances, imposed until a time of reformation. (Hebrews 9:10 RNEB)

All these things were in operation and imposed on the sons of Yisrael until the time of reform. Remember what Shaul said, he took away the first to bring in the second.

    But the Anointed having come as a High Priest of the coming good things, through the greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this creation, nor yet through the blood of goats and calves, but through his own blood, entered in once for all into the Holy Place, having obtained eternal redemption. For if the blood of goats and bulls, and the ashes of a heifer sprinkling those who have been defiled, sanctify to the cleanness of the flesh: how much more will the blood of the Anointed, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without blemish to Elohim, cleanse your conscience from dead works to serve the living Elohim! (Hebrews 9:11-14 RNEB)

The sacrificing of animals was capable of cleaning the flesh in its time, when Shaul said it was no longer pleasing he was referring to the time after the Anointed’s death, when the old sacrificial system had been put away, however many of the Hebrews were still sacrificing animals until the destruction of the temple in 70 CE. There couldn’t be two propitiation systems operating at the same time.

    But now he has obtained a more excellent ministry, by so much as he is also the mediator of a better covenant, which has been enacted on better promises. For if that first covenant had been faultless, then no place would have been sought for a second. (Hebrews 8:6-7 RNEB)

We started in Hebrews chapter ten to get an understanding of what the two covenants are all about. They have to do with propitiating iniquity, redeeming Man, and changing the conscience. YAH said there is a fault, however is it with the covenant or man, it’s explained in the next verse.

    FOR FINDING FAULT WITH THEM, he said, “Behold, the days come,” says YAH, “that I will make a new covenant with the house of Yisra’el and with the house of Judah; (Hebrews 8:8 RNEB)

The fault was with man, so there would be a new covenant which was prophetically spoken of in Jeremiah 31:31-32.

    not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers, in the day that I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt; for they didn’t continue in my covenant, and I disregarded them,” says YAH. “For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Yisra’el. After those days,” says YAH; “I will put my laws into their mind, I will also write them on their heart. I will be to them a Elohim, and they will be to me a people. They will not teach every man his fellow citizen, and every man his brother, saying, ’Know YAH,’ FOR ALL WILL KNOW ME, FROM THE LEAST OF THEM TO THE GREATEST OF THEM. FOR I WILL BE MERCIFUL TO THEIR UNRIGHTEOUSNESS. I WILL REMEMBER THEIR SINS AND LAWLESS DEEDS NO MORE.” IN THAT HE SAYS, “A NEW COVENANT,” HE HAS MADE THE FIRST OLD. BUT THAT WHICH IS BECOMING OLD AND GROWS AGED IS NEAR TO VANISHING AWAY. (Hebrews 8:9-13 RNEB)

This is what Shaul talked about in Hebrews chapter ten when he said the first was nullified to bring in the second. So, how is he going to write his commandments on our hearts and mind? Remember the process, after we come into the knowledge of truth, we accept Yahshua the Anointed, we are then purged of all our past iniquity, we stand brand new, completely clean. However, from that day forward we need to be very careful not to commit any trespasses. The reason for this is we’re cleansed during our purification of all our past iniquity, but going forward any premeditated or lustful desires that are manifest by a work or action, there is no covering for. There is only mercy for iniquity committed by our own infirmity or something done in ignorance, which we can be cleansed from by asking forgiveness through a remorseful and repentant prayer of sacrifice.

We need to think long and hard before we sin on account of a lustful or wicked thought that we were entertaining, scripture says that we’re tempted when drawn away of our own lusts. We should always be in fear of receiving judgment instead of grace, the Anointed can’t be sacrificed again, and YAH does not have to blot out our sins, however if we approach him with a remorseful and repentant heart he will show us mercy.

    Through him, then, let us offer up a sacrifice of praise to Elohim continually, that is, the fruit of lips which make confession to his name. But don’t forget to be doing good and sharing, for with such sacrifices Elohim is well pleased. (Hebrews 13:15-16 RNEB)
    He said to Moshe, “Come up to YAH, you, and Aharon, Nadav, and Avihu, and seventy of the elders of Yisra’el; and worship from a distance. Moshe alone shall come near to YAH, but they shall not come near, neither shall the people go up with him.” Moshe came and told the people all the words of YAH, and all the ordinances; and all the people answered with one voice, and said, “All the words which YAH has spoken will we do.” (Exodus 24:1-3 RNEB)

They just received the laws of holiness and morality and the people said, “All the words which YAH has spoken will we do”.

    Moshe wrote all the words of YAH, and rose up early in the morning, and built an altar under the mountain, and twelve pillars for the twelve tribes of Yisra’el. He sent young men of the children of Yisra’el, who offered burnt offerings and sacrificed peace offerings of oxen to YAH. Moshe took half of the blood and put it in basins, and half of the blood he sprinkled on the altar. He took the book of the covenant and read it in the hearing of the people, and they said, “All that YAH has spoken will we do, and be obedient.” Moshe took the blood, and sprinkled it on the people, and said, “Look, this is the blood of the covenant, which YAH has made with you concerning all these words.” (Exodus 24:4-8 RNEB)
    YAH spoke to Moshe, saying, “Speak to the children of Yisra’el, that they take an offering for me. From everyone whose heart makes him willing you shall take my offering. (Exodus 25:1-2 RNEB)
    Let them make me a sanctuary, that I may dwell among them. (Exodus 25:8 RNEB)

We just read how YAH made a covenant with Yisrael, and they agreed to follow his laws. YAH knew Yisrael was going to end up breaking the covenant, so by his mercy, he established a system to remove wrath, purge iniquity, and cover their trespasses.

    YAH called to Moshe, and spoke to him out of the Tent of Meeting, saying, “Speak to the children of Yisra’el, and tell them, ’When anyone of you offers an offering to YAH, you shall offer your offering of the livestock, from the herd and from the flock. (Leviticus 1:1-2 RNEB)

When they brought an offering to YAH it had to be from the cows, lambs, sheep, or rams of their herd.

Burnt Offerings

    “’If his offering is a burnt offering from the herd, he shall offer a male without blemish. He shall offer it at the door of the Tent of Meeting, that he may be accepted before YAH. He shall lay his hand on the head of the burnt offering, and it shall be accepted for him to make atonement for him. (Leviticus 1:3-4 RNEB)

The burnt offering is the highest sacrifice, it’s the type of sacrifice done on Yom Kippur, after this type of offering the ash and the carcass had to be taken outside the camp. Yahshua fulfilled these things, and we will examine how he paralleled with them. This will help us have a better appreciation of the new testament and the processes that were established to bring redemption.

The person bringing the animal had to lay his hand on the head of the burnt offering, which would be a bull or lamb to transfer his sins to that animal. This would be a person that committed a trespass and wanted to give himself wholly to Elohim, YAH isn’t going to take his life as the covenant requires, but instead the life of the animal. The animal, which had to be without blemish is taking the place of the one who sinned and dying on his behalf.

    He shall kill the bull before YAH. Aharon’s sons, the priests, shall present the blood and sprinkle the blood around on the altar that is at the door of the Tent of Meeting. He shall flay the burnt offering, and cut it into pieces. The sons of Aharon the Priest shall put fire on the altar, and lay wood in order on the fire; and Aharon’s sons, the priests, shall lay the pieces, the head, and the fat in order on the wood that is on the fire which is on the altar; BUT ITS INNARDS AND ITS LEGS HE SHALL WASH WITH WATER. THE PRIEST SHALL BURN THE WHOLE ON THE ALTAR, FOR A BURNT OFFERING, AN OFFERING MADE BY FIRE, OF A SWEET SAVOR TO YAH. (Leviticus 1:5-9 RNEB)

This is a high sacrifice called a whole burnt offering, wholly given to YAH, it was a covering for iniquity.

    “’If his offering is from the flock, from the sheep, or from the goats, for a burnt offering, he shall offer a male without blemish. He shall kill it on the north side of the altar before YAH. Aharon’s sons, the priests, shall sprinkle its blood around on the altar. He shall cut it into its pieces, with its head and its fat. The Priest shall lay them in order on the wood that is on the fire which is on the altar, but the innards and the legs he shall wash with water. The Priest shall offer the whole, and burn it on the altar. It is a burnt offering, an offering made by fire, of a sweet savor to YAH. “’If his offering to YAH is a burnt offering of birds, then he shall offer his offering of turtledoves, or of young pigeons. The Priest shall bring it to the altar, and wring off its head, and burn it on the altar; and its blood shall be drained out on the side of the altar; and he shall take away its crop with its filth, and cast it beside the altar on the east part, in the place of the ashes. He shall tear it by its wings, but shall not divide it apart. The Priest shall burn it on the altar, on the wood that is on the fire. It is a burnt offering, an offering made by fire, of a sweet savor to YAH. (Leviticus 1:10-17 RNEB)
    He shall lay his hand on the head of the burnt offering, and it shall be accepted for him to make atonement for him. (Leviticus 1:4 RNEB)

YAH receives the offerings because that’s why he gave them the sacrificial system, the only offering YAH would not accept is one for trespasses that were done willfully or in defiance [open resistance; bold disobedience].

    YAH spoke to Moshe, saying, “Command Aharon and his sons, saying, ’This is the law of the burnt offering: the burnt offering shall be on the hearth on the altar all night until the morning; and the fire of the altar shall be kept burning on it. The Priest shall put on his linen garment, and he shall put on his linen breeches upon his body; and he shall remove the ashes from where the fire has consumed the burnt offering on the altar, and he shall put them beside the altar. He shall take off his garments, and put on other garments, and carry the ashes outside the camp to a clean place. The fire on the altar shall be kept burning on it, it shall not go out; and the Priest shall burn wood on it every morning: and he shall lay the burnt offering in order upon it, and shall burn on it the fat of the peace offerings. Fire shall be kept burning on the altar continually; it shall not go out. (Leviticus 6:8-13 RNEB)

Remember we read in the scriptures, “year by year continuously” in Hebrews chapter ten, then in Hebrews chapter nine it says “in the first he went in daily and the second he went in once per year but not without blood”, were going to read it now in the old testament, because he is likening this to Yahshua, he’s contrasting these offering to him.

    YAH spoke to Moshe, after the death of the two sons of Aharon, when they drew near before YAH, and died; and YAH said to Moshe, “Tell Aharon your brother, not to come at all times into the Most Holy Place within the veil, before the mercy seat which is on the ark; lest he die: for I will appear in the cloud on the mercy seat. (Leviticus 16:1-2 RNEB)

There was a cloud of fire just above the mercy seat, which was the angel that represented YAH. Angels are ambassadors of YAH, their firm, direct, and specific. You can refer to the series on the Divine Order for a more detailed understanding on the subject of messengers.

    “Herewith shall Aharon come into the sanctuary: with a young bull for a sin offering, and a ram for a burnt offering. He shall put on the holy linen coat, and he shall have the linen breeches on his body, and shall put on the linen sash, and he shall be dressed with the linen turban. They are the holy garments. He shall bathe his body in water, and put them on. He shall take from the congregation of the children of Yisra’el two male goats for a sin offering, and one ram for a burnt offering. “Aharon shall offer the bull of the sin offering, which is for himself, and make atonement for himself and for his house. He shall take the two goats, and set them before YAH at the door of the Tent of Meeting. Aharon shall cast lots for the two goats; one lot for YAH, and the other lot for the scapegoat. Aharon shall present the goat on which the lot fell for YAH, and offer him for a sin offering. But the goat, on which the lot fell for the scapegoat, shall be presented alive before YAH, to make atonement for him, to send him away for the scapegoat into the wilderness. (Leviticus 16:3-10 RNEB)

The process on the day of Atonement, Yom Kippur, required two goats, one goat had to die, the other would bear the sins of all the people and then would be let go. The priest cast lots to see which one is offered on the alter and which bore the sins of the nation. This was a burnt offering, a very important sacrifice, the strongest of the sacrifices, it covers, atones, and propitiates sins.

    “Aharon shall present the bull of the sin offering, which is for himself, and shall make atonement for himself and for his house, and shall kill the bull of the sin offering which is for himself. (Leviticus 16:11 RNEB)

Aharon’s sacrifice was a bull, as priest, he had to be cleansed before he could perform services that helped cleanse others, and he required a different sacrifice on account of his position in the tabernacle.

    He shall take a censer full of coals of fire from off the altar before YAH, and two handfuls of sweet incense beaten small, and bring it within the veil: and he shall put the incense on the fire before YAH, that the cloud of the incense may cover the mercy seat that is on the testimony, so that he will not die. He shall take some of the blood of the bull, and sprinkle it with his finger on the mercy seat on the east; and before the mercy seat he shall sprinkle some of the blood with his finger seven times. “Then he shall kill the goat of the sin offering, that is for the people, and bring his blood within the veil, and do with his blood as he did with the blood of the bull, and sprinkle it on the mercy seat, and before the mercy seat: and he shall make atonement for the Holy Place, because of the uncleanness of the children of Yisra’el, and because of their transgressions, even all their sins; and so he shall do for the Tent of Meeting, that dwells with them in the midst of their uncleanness. There shall be no one in the Tent of Meeting when he enters to make atonement in the Holy Place, until he comes out, and has made atonement for himself and for his household, and for all the assembly of Yisra’el. “He shall go out to the altar that is before YAH and make atonement for it, and shall take some of the bull’s blood, and some of the goat’s blood, and put it on the horns of the altar round about. He shall sprinkle some of the blood on it with his finger seven times, and cleanse it, and make it holy from the uncleanness of the children of Yisra’el. “When he has made an end of atoning for the Holy Place, the Tent of Meeting, and the altar, he shall present the live goat. AHARON SHALL LAY BOTH HIS HANDS ON THE HEAD OF THE LIVE GOAT, AND CONFESS OVER HIM ALL THE INIQUITIES OF THE CHILDREN OF YISRA’EL, AND ALL THEIR TRANSGRESSIONS, EVEN ALL THEIR SINS; AND HE SHALL PUT THEM ON THE HEAD OF THE GOAT, AND SHALL SEND HIM AWAY INTO THE WILDERNESS BY THE HAND OF A MAN WHO IS IN READINESS. (Leviticus 16:12-21 RNEB)

What we’re reading is the same thing Shaul talked about in Hebrews chapter ten about the purging of iniquity. Blood is being shed to atone, and an animal is trading places with Man for his sin. YAH is a powerful deity whose name is holy and set apart, he’s pure and requires that we’re pure and clean of defilement. Since were unclean and weak, YAH had to establish a process to keep us clean which was theocratic in nature. Consequently, once a year all the sins of the people were covered with a burnt offering on the day of atonement. This was for all the people who didn’t know to bring up a sacrifice for a particular transgression and those who committed diverse trespasses and the like throughout the year, Aharon stood as the mediator. The priesthood was established to keep wrath from falling on the sons of Yisrael, they mediated and interceded. Aharon would take his hand and put it on the goats head while confessing all the trespasses and sins of Yisrael, transferring them to the goat. Then the goat was sent from the camp to carry away the sin.

Shaul wrote about being purged of iniquity through sacrifices, he said once the recipient was purged of iniquity, he shouldn’t have had any more conscience of sin, it didn’t work, man meditates on iniquity, he plans it. YAH had to put a process in place to address this problem. The new testament is confirming the prophecies and ordinances that dealt with redemption and propitiation.

    The goat shall carry all their iniquities on himself to a solitary land, and he shall let the goat go in the wilderness. “Aharon shall come into the Tent of Meeting, and shall take off the linen garments, which he put on when he went into the Holy Place, and shall leave them there. Then he shall bathe himself in water in a holy place, and put on his garments, and come out and offer his burnt offering and the burnt offering of the people, and make atonement for himself and for the people. The fat of the sin offering he shall burn on the altar. “He who lets the goat go for the scapegoat shall wash his clothes, and bathe his flesh in water, and afterward he shall come into the camp. The bull for the sin offering, and the goat for the sin offering, whose blood was brought in to make atonement in the Holy Place, shall be carried forth outside the camp; and they shall burn their skins, their flesh, and their dung with fire. He who burns them shall wash his clothes, and bathe his flesh in water, and afterward he shall come into the camp. “It shall be a statute to you forever: in the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, YOU SHALL AFFLICT YOUR SOULS, AND SHALL DO NO MANNER OF WORK, THE NATIVE-BORN, OR THE STRANGER WHO LIVES AS A FOREIGNER AMONG YOU: (Leviticus 16:22-29 RNEB)

On the day of atonement, we’re commanded not to eat or drink anything, and we can’t do any form of work, it was also necessary to offer a sacrifice. Yahshua replaced the sacrifice, however we’re still responsible today for keeping the non sacrificial ordinances that govern this day. In other words, the day of atonement had several requirements, only one was to offer a sacrifice, which Yahshua did for us, the other mandates given, we are still required to keep. This is the one day each year, we have to assemble and sacrifice all the things we take pleasure in, to give ourselves wholly to YAH, it’s a time of meditating on all the sins and trespasses that we committed throughout the year while thanking and praising the father for giving us a sacrifice to cleanse us.

    for on this day shall atonement be made for you, to cleanse you; from all your sins you shall be clean before YAH. IT IS A SABBATH OF SOLEMN REST TO YOU, AND YOU SHALL AFFLICT YOUR SOULS; IT IS A STATUTE FOREVER. (Leviticus 16:30-31 RNEB)

A goat is being offered up, and we need to offer ourselves to Elohim on this day. The blood of the offering is sprinkled on the throne of Elohim, and the carcass is taken out of the camp and burned completely, because it was a carcase used to propitiate iniquity, the sin couldn’t be left anywhere in the congregation. Scripture tells us to purge sin, which is exactly what took place in Moshe’s time.

    For the Torah, having a shadow of the good to come, not the very image of the things, can never with the same sacrifices year by year, which they offer continually, make perfect those who draw near. Or else wouldn’t they have ceased to be offered, because the worshippers, having been once cleansed, would have had no more consciousness of sins? (Hebrews 10:1-2 RNEB)
    The Priest, who is anointed and who is consecrated to be Priest in his father’s place, shall make the atonement, and shall put on the linen garments, even the holy garments. Then he shall make atonement for the Holy Sanctuary; and he shall make atonement for the Tent of Meeting and for the altar; and he shall make atonement for the priests and for all the people of the assembly. “THIS SHALL BE AN EVERLASTING STATUTE FOR YOU, TO MAKE ATONEMENT FOR THE CHILDREN OF YISRA’EL ONCE IN THE YEAR BECAUSE OF ALL THEIR SINS.” IT WAS DONE AS YAH COMMANDED MOSHE. (Leviticus 16:32-34 RNEB)

We have looked at the burnt offering in two different stages, there is the burnt offering that any individual can bring, the priest does not go behind the veil but sprinkles the blood on the veil, then we have the once a year offering on Yom Kippur, where the offering is burnt outside and the blood is carried behind the veil and sprinkled on the mercy seat. Both serve the same purpose, to absolve iniquity and guilt, however one is weightier than the other, one is brought by an individual, the other is brought for the entire nation.

Grain Offerings

    “’When anyone offers an offering of a meal offering to YAH, his offering shall be of fine flour; and he shall pour oil on it, and put frankincense on it. He shall bring it to Aharon’s sons the priests; and he shall take his handful of its fine flour, and of its oil, with all its frankincense; and the Priest shall burn the memorial of it on the altar, an offering made by fire, of a sweet savor to YAH. (Leviticus 2:1-2 RNEB)

They brought in the grain offering and a portion of it was taken and burned up which was the memorial or remembrance. The grain offering came from their crops and was known as a thanksgiving offering, which could be made at any time. They were thanking Elohim for giving them a bountiful increase, a strong yield from the ground. This was simply a way to give thanks to YAH for providing for their needs.

    That which is left of the meal offering shall be Aharon’s and his sons’. It is a most holy thing of the offerings of YAH made by fire. “’When you offer an offering of a meal offering baked in the oven, it shall be unleavened cakes of fine flour mixed with oil, or unleavened wafers anointed with oil. If your offering is a meal offering of the baking pan, it shall be of unleavened fine flour, mixed with oil. You shall cut it in pieces, and pour oil on it. It is a meal offering. If your offering is a meal offering of the frying pan, it shall be made of fine flour with oil. You shall bring the meal offering that is made of these things to YAH: and it shall be presented to the Priest, and he shall bring it to the altar. The Priest shall take from the meal offering its memorial, and shall burn it on the altar, an offering made by fire, of a sweet savor to YAH. That which is left of the meal offering shall be Aharon’s and his sons’. It is a thing most holy of the offerings of YAH made by fire. “’No meal offering, which you shall offer to YAH, shall be made with yeast; for you shall burn no yeast, nor any honey, as an offering made by fire to YAH. As an offering of firstfruits you shall offer them to YAH: but they shall not come up for a sweet savor on the altar. Every offering of your meal offering you shall season with salt; neither shall you allow the salt of the covenant of your Elohim to be lacking from your meal offering. With all your offerings you shall offer salt. “’If you offer a meal offering of first fruits to YAH, you shall offer for the meal offering of your first fruits grain in the ear parched with fire, bruised grain of the fresh ear. You shall put oil on it, and lay frankincense on it: it is a meal offering. The Priest shall burn as its memorial, part of its bruised grain, and part of its oil, along with all its frankincense: it is an offering made by fire to YAH. (Leviticus 2:3-16 RNEB)

It’s important that we understand all the offerings if the new testament is going to make sense, that’s if were going to comprehend it in the light of Elohim’s understanding and not our own.

    Every meal offering that is baked in the oven, and all that is dressed in the frying pan, and on the baking pan, shall be the Priest’s who offers it. Every meal offering, mixed with oil or dry, belongs to all the sons of Aharon, one as well as another. (Leviticus 7:9-10 RNEB)

This offering is being eaten by the priests, it’s only a portion of the total offering being burned up. The priest represents Elohim, obviously Elohim is not going to sit at the table and eat the offering brought himself. The scripture says the consecration of Elohim is on the head of the priest, so the priest eating the offering is like Elohim eating the offering, they were set-apart, made holy for this purpose.

Peace Offering

    “’If his offering is a sacrifice of peace offerings; if he offers it from the herd, whether male or female, he shall offer it without blemish before YAH. He shall lay his hand on the head of his offering, and kill it at the door of the tent of meeting: and Aharon’s sons the priests shall sprinkle the blood on the altar round about. He shall offer of the sacrifice of peace offerings an offering made by fire to YAH; the fat that covers the innards, and all the fat that is on the innards, and the two kidneys, and the fat that is on them, which is by the loins, and the cover on the liver, with the kidneys, he shall take away. Aharon’s sons shall burn it on the altar on the burnt offering, which is on the wood that is on the fire: it is an offering made by fire, of a sweet savor to YAH. (Leviticus 3:1-5 RNEB)

They would bring the offering to the priest and stated what type of offering it was, it could be a sin or peace offering. If it’s a peace offering the priest sacrifices the animal, he removes the kidneys and the fat, then places them on the alter and burns them up, which is Elohim’s portion. The peace offering was a way of expressing thanks and gratitude to Elohim for His bounties and mercies.

Side note: The kidneys or organs, in scripture are always representative mans emotions. So, what they were doing is placing themselves on the alter by presenting their thoughts and feeling to Elohim.

    “’If his offering for a sacrifice of peace offerings to YAH is from the flock; male or female, he shall offer it without blemish. If he offers a lamb for his offering, then he shall offer it before YAH; and he shall lay his hand on the head of his offering, and kill it before the tent of meeting: and Aharon’s sons shall sprinkle its blood on the altar round about. He shall offer from the sacrifice of peace offerings an offering made by fire to YAH; its fat, the entire tail fat, he shall take away close to the backbone; and the fat that covers the inwards, and all the fat that is on the inwards, (Leviticus 3:6-9 RNEB)

These are the instructions on how animals needed to be sacrificed to be accepted. He provided very specific instructions, and they needed to be followed to the letter, that’s why when YAH gives instructions anywhere in scripture, we can’t follow them half hearted, if were told to be purified in the name of Yahshua, he means Yahshua not Jesus. There are reasons behind everything were told to do, the purification process was setup to give YAH the glory, Yahshua means YAH-Saves, Jesus means nothing in Hebrew.

    and the two kidneys, and the fat that is on them, which is by the loins, and the cover on the liver, with the kidneys, he shall take away. The Priest shall burn it on the altar: it is the food of the offering made by fire to YAH. “’If his offering is a goat, then he shall offer it before YAH: and he shall lay his hand on its head, and kill it before the tent of meeting; and the sons of Aharon shall sprinkle its blood on the altar round about. He shall offer from it as his offering, an offering made by fire to YAH; the fat that covers the innards, and all the fat that is on the innards, and the two kidneys, and the fat that is on them, which is by the loins, and the cover on the liver, with the kidneys, he shall take away. The Priest shall burn them on the altar: it is the food of the offering made by fire, for a sweet savor; all the fat is YAH’s. (Leviticus 3:10-16 RNEB)

This is the process of reconciliation, it’s to establish peace, this same thing can be found in the new testament regarding Yahshua, who established peace between Elohim and man, he was the burnt offering provided for the atonement.

    “’It shall be a perpetual statute throughout your generations in all your dwellings, that you shall eat neither fat nor blood.’” (Leviticus 3:17 RNEB)
    “’This is the law of the meal offering: the sons of Aharon shall offer it before YAH, before the altar. He shall take from there his handful of the fine flour of the meal offering, and of its oil, and all the frankincense which is on the meal offering, and shall burn it on the altar for a sweet savor, as its memorial, to YAH. That which is left of it Aharon and his sons shall eat. It shall be eaten without yeast in a holy place. They shall eat it in the court of the Tent of Meeting It shall not be baked with yeast. I have given it as their portion of my offerings made by fire. It is most holy, as the sin offering, and as the trespass offering. Every male among the children of Aharon shall eat of it, as their portion forever throughout your generations, from the offerings of YAH made by fire. Whoever touches them shall be holy.’” (Leviticus 6:14-18 RNEB)
    “’This is the law of the sacrifice of peace offerings, which one shall offer to YAH. If he offers it for a thanksgiving, then he shall offer with the sacrifice of thanksgiving unleavened cakes mixed with oil, and unleavened wafers anointed with oil, and cakes mixed with oil. With cakes of leavened bread he shall offer his offering with the sacrifice of his peace offerings for thanksgiving. Of it he shall offer one out of each offering for a heave offering to YAH. It shall be the Priest’s who sprinkles the blood of the peace offerings. The flesh of the sacrifice of his peace offerings for thanksgiving shall be eaten on the day of his offering. He shall not leave any of it until the morning. (Leviticus 7:11-15 RNEB)
    If any of the flesh of the sacrifice of his peace offerings is eaten on the third day, it will not be accepted, neither shall it be imputed to him who offers it. It will be an abomination, and the soul who eats any of it will bear his lawlessness. “‘The flesh that touches any unclean thing shall not be eaten. It shall be burned with fire. As for the flesh, everyone who is clean may eat it; but the soul who eats of the flesh of the sacrifice of peace offerings, that belongs to YAH, having his uncleanness on him, that soul shall be cut off from his people. WHEN ANYONE TOUCHES ANY UNCLEAN THING, THE UNCLEANNESS OF MAN, OR AN UNCLEAN ANIMAL, OR ANY UNCLEAN ABOMINATION, AND EATS SOME OF THE FLESH OF THE SACRIFICE OF PEACE OFFERINGS, WHICH BELONG TO YAH, THAT SOUL SHALL BE CUT OFF FROM HIS PEOPLE.'” (Leviticus 7:18-21 RNEB)

This offering could not be brought in an unclean state, the organs went on the fire to YAH while the other parts were given to the one who brought it. They ate it as a symbol of eating the food with YAH.

    “’BUT IF THE SACRIFICE OF HIS OFFERING IS A VOW, or a freewill offering, it shall be eaten on the day that he offers his sacrifice; and on the next day what remains of it shall be eaten: but what remains of the flesh of the sacrifice on the third day shall be burned with fire. (Leviticus 7:16-17 RNEB)

This was presented the same way as a peace offering only the presenter would also make a vow or oath before YAH stating exactly what they were going to do.

    For the waved breast and the heaved thigh I have taken from the children of Yisra’el out of the sacrifices of their peace offerings, and have given them to Aharon the Priest and to his sons as their portion forever from the children of Yisra’el.’” (Leviticus 7:34 RNEB)

To properly understand the new testament, we must first understand the original propitiation process, so we can see how they paralleled each other and properly understand the new system associated with Yahshua the Anointed. We will continue explaining the offerings in part II.

 

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